History of Kellogg's Company of Artillery
What follows is information on the history of Kellogg's, much of which is copied from old published articles and books. Use the Table of Contents to make it easy to navigate as this section is quite long.
Table of Contents
Kellogg's Company of Artillery at the Battle of Ogdensburg
Kellogg's Company was issued orders on December 19, 1812, and mustered into service to assist in the defense the Northwestern frontier. In late December they marched to Ogdensburg. Before the war's end, they saw service at the Battle of Ogdensburg, Sacketts Harbor, Crysler's Farm, and Plattsburg.
For an account of the action that Kellogg's saw at the Battle of Ogdensburg, click here.
Kellogg's Volunteer Artillery (complied from "Military Records of Schoharie County Veterans of Four Wars")
The military record of this organization, and the roster and record of its members, together with all facts placed on record, are compiled from a large collection of rolls, accounts, reports, letters, bonds, petitions, proceedings of courts-martial, general orders, etc., which were carefully preserved by Captain Kellogg, and which are now in the possession of his son, Giles L. Kellogg, to whom I am greatly indebted for the privilege of examining them, and for other courtesies.
I infer from data found that an independent organization of this kind existed as early as 1807, but no roster is found previous to June 1, 1812. It appears that a call for 50,000 volunteers was made by President Madison as early as February, 1812, presumably to be held in readiness in case war became necessary. On the 1st of June following, an enrollment of volunteers, for twelve months' service under the call, was made, from the company, but they were not called upon to take the field until December 19, 1812, under general orders from Albany, to-wit :
"Capt. Giles Kellogg's Company of Artillery, in the County of Schoharie, is required in the service for the further protection of our fellow citizens on the north-western frontier. They will rendezvous and be mustered on Sat. Dec. 26 and will be supplied with blankets and canteens, the whole will receive two months pay in advance, and the Non-Commissioned officers and musicians and privates will receive in addition thereto an advance of sixteen Dollars on account of allowance for clothing."
Captain Kellogg issued orders to the sergeants and corporals of his company on December 20, requiring them to "warn" the persons named on the respective list appended, " to appear on parade at the Gun House in Cobleskill on Sat. the 26th Day of Dec. at 9 o'clock in the morning, with side arms, agreeable to General Orders. " " The company will march on Monday the 28th of Dec. instant at 9 o'clock, when transportation will be furnished for them. "
Upon mustering for service a few of the men furnished substitutes and a few wished to be excused ; one, a constable, on the plea that he could not " leave his business. "
Peter Shafer, Jr., and Adam Yrooman were paid $76, for transporting men and baggage from Cobleskill to Little Falls, and to Ogdensburg, and Peter Bouck, Peter Lampman, John Collins, Richard Davenport, John Franklin, Adam A. Shafer, David Lawyer and Lambert Lawyer were paid $20 for transporting men and baggage from Little Falls to Ogdensburg. On arriving at Ogdensburg in January, each member of the company was furnished with, and receipted for : " 1 Musket and Bayonet, 1 Cartridge Box and Belt, 20 round musket ball cartridges and 4 Flints each." Dur- ing the service at Ogdensburg, the company was assigned to the division commanded by Captain Forsyth, afterward mentioned as major, and in the spring at Sackett's Harbor, it was attached to Colonel Mills' regiment of Albany Volunteers. From the time the company arrived at Ogdensburg nothing important is shown to have transpired until the engagement of February 22, 1813, excepting the death of two men. We find from an account, charged under a requisition and dated February 15, 1813, that each of the rank and file of the company and " 3 women " were supplied with twentysix pounds of straw, and that ten days later, the captain received one cord and four feet of fuel ; the lieutenants, one cord, two feet and eight inches each; the four sergeants, six feet ; the four corporals, six feet; the six musicians, one cord; and thirty privates, five cords, five feet. On the 22d of February, 1813, the enemy stationed at Prescott, opposite Ogdensburg, made an attack, and during the engagement the company were defeated with a loss of every thing, except the clothing they had on and the arms they fought with. One drummer was killed, one fifer and one private were taken prisoners, one private killed and two wounded. I infer that the Americans were forced to abandon the post and retreat to Sackett's Harbor, and that an officer of this company was placed under arrest. His resignation was tendered and accepted by Colonel Pike, April 15, 1813, through orders dated Sackett's Harbor, May 3, 1813. On March 20, 1813, Captain Kellogg in a letter to Governor Tompkins states that " the company are sadly in need of clothing and money," and that the amount due for clothing is $916.75. On May 10, following, Governor Tompkins in a letter says: " Capt. Kellogg' s company are entitled to pay at 8 dollars per month since the 26th of Feb. last - To $3 per month from 1st of January last to the 26th of Feb., and the balance of allowance for clothing over and above $16. On the 26th of Dec. the officers received two months' pay in advance, the soldiers each two months' pay in advance, at 5 dollars per month, and $16 on account of clothing. There being no paymaster authorized to pay such detached companies a volunteer or other paymaster is directed to pay and Maj. Allen is directed to pay by Special Ords."
After the transfer to Sackett's Harbor Captain Kellogg petitioned Governor Tompkins for permission to furlough some of the members of his company home for the purpose of obtaining supplies for the company, to replace losses incurred at Ogdensburg, and was referred to Colonel Pike.
From accounts rendered, it appears that no army surgeons were assigned to the command, as we find the sum of $16.25 paid to " Dr. J. Cowan for attendance on Sick," $40 paid to " Dr. John C. Herrick for attendance," and an itemized bill of $29.49 rendered by " Dr. W. Smith for Chirnrgical attendance on William Youngs who lost his leg at Ogdensburg.' Several men received furloughs in the spring or early summer of 1813, as we find their leave to have been extended on testimony taken by Jedediah Miller, Justice of the Peace, Dr. John C. Moeller testifying in one case. During the summer a few members of the company procured substitutes and came home, both principal ancf substitute giving prescribed bonds for the security of service. A court-martial was held during the term of the company's service for the benefit of one of its members. The culprit was charged with, 1st being absent from camp after ten o'clock, p. m., and, 2d, with stealing a bag of potatoes from inhabitants in the vicinity. Several testified to seeing the prisoner without the limits of the camp after the hour named, and the prisoner himself pleaded guilty to the second charge, and offered his knife as satisfaction for the potatoes, as he had no money. After due deliberation, and after a careful review of the testimony and pleadings the court decided to vacate the charges and release the prisoner as not guilty of malicious intent. The company appears to have been unfortunate again in an engagement with the enemy at " Horse Island, Sackett's Harbor, May 29, 1813," as an inventory of losses of " Personal Property " at that time amounts to $428. 83£. There is nothing to show that it was particularly unfortunate in its movements during the balance of its service. I infer that it accompanied the expedition against York as part of the division tin dor Colonel Pike, and that it was a part of the forces under Wilkinson on his expedition down the St. Lawrence. After going into winter quarters and under date of November 29, 1813, I find Captain Kellogg charged in a long itemized account, with oyster suppers, numerous items of gin, brandy, cider and rum, which would indicate that himself and men had celebrated their coming discharge from the service. An inspection held at Sackett's Harbor, September 30, 1813, accounted for thirty men present under arms, five sick, eight absent, and four deserted. A few men enlisted in the company from northern counties. Before entering the field service the armament of the company consisted of one field piece of artillery, and side arms or short sword for each man, and afterward as before stated, each man was armed with musket and bayonet in addition. Reports show that each member was armed with a feather and a cockade for his hat.
Kellogg's Company - Period references to uniforms, in Public Papers of Daniel D. Tompkins, Governor of New York 1807-1817 , Military-Vol.1, Wynkoop Hallenbeck Crawford Co., Albany, NY, 1898
A Record of Kellogg's Volunteer Artillery - (This article is from the "The Schoharie County Historical Review" - October 1952)
By John Grosvenor
Please note: Illustrations and photographs refered to in this article are not included as no reasonable copy of them could be reproduced that were viewable.
HISTORY tells us that the War of 1812 was a heroic one and that it afforded new pages for romance in the American story. It was not a war, and the United States found itself in no position to wage one. This became obvious when the country careened toward banruptcy, when the war loan of 1814 resolved into a disastrous failure and when land operations had to be carried on by an army without tradition or experience in actual warfare. The main reliance was on militiamen and volunteers, who were drawn mostly from farmers and woodsmen. Regiments in many cases were no more responsible than armed mobs. In the course of the so-called war, the United States had called out about 50,000 regulars, 10,000 volunteers and 450,000 militiamen to cope with the British forces.
What was the part played by Schoharie County? Two levies for troops were made from the County. One was in 1812 and the second in 1814. The troops who served under the first levy served for a longer term by reason of the war closing about 3 months after the men In the last draft took the field. It appears that the men under the last call arrived at Plattsburgh the day following the battle and were in no engagements with the enemy during their service. In this unfortunate drama, the role of Schoharie County could be called minor but necessary to make the story complete.
The first levies were of Van Vechten's Battalion and were stationed at both Plattsburgh and Sackett's Harbor. There was an independent order creating Kellogg's Volunteer Artillery existing as early as 1807. No roster has been found previous to June 1, 1812, however. It is an established fact that Captain Giles Kellogg and company voluneered under the Act of February 6, 1812. Records show that under this Act, soldiers of volunteer status "shall be clothed, and in case of cavalry, furnished with horses at their own expense, be armed and equipped at the expense of the United States." In the second section it is provided "that they shall be under the same rules and regulations, and be entitled to the same pay, rations, forage and emoluments of every kind, bounty and clothing excepted, with the regular troops of the United States."
Requests for compensation for lost clothing and equipment were refused by Congress as late as March 3, 1818. It is from relative correspondence that the author has acquired several items of reference and has been led to trace the activity of this small company known to history as Kellogg's Volunteer Artillery, through this war.
General muster orders were issued from Albany on December 19, 1812.
"Captain Giles Kellogg's Company of Artillery, in the County of Schoharie, is required in the service for the further protection of our fellow citizens on the N. W. Frontier. They will rendezvous and be mustered on Saturday, December 26 and will be supplied with 2 months' pay in advance, and the Non-Com officers and musicians and privates will receive in addition thereto an advance of 16 dollars on account of allowance for clothing."
Captain Kellogg issued orders to Sgts. and Cpls. on December 20, 1812 requiring them to "warn" the persons named on the respective lists appended "to appear on parade at the Gun House in Cobleskill on Saturday the 26th day of December at 9 o'clock, when transportation will be furnished them." It is of interest to note that the Gun House or Arsenal was at that time located in the vicinity of the Southwest corner of East Main and Spring streets.
As the illustration shows, the form of enlistment of one of the members, Eli Peck of the Town of Carlisle, was short and informal in comparison to the forms used in ensuing years down to the present time. It reads, "I, Eli Peck of the Town of Carlisle County of Schoharie and State of New York, Farmer being thirty-seven years of age do volunteer enlist myself in the service of the United States to serve in Capt. Giles Kellogg's Company of Volunteer Artillery from the County of Schoharie during the servlce of said company and faithfully serve, obey the orders of the officers appointed over me and observe the Rules and accept the pay and emoluments that are or may be established by Law -- as witness my hand at Saekett's Harbor, N. Y. this 27th day of July 1813 -- his [Eli x Peck] mark in presence of Abraham Bouck"
Upon mustering, a few of the men furnished substitutes and a few wished to be excused; one, a constable, on the plea that he could not leave his 'business'. The idea of a substitute was not new to the army. The idea is well illustrated in the Bond of one Henry I. Walrath to Captain Giles Kellogg dated 24th day of May, 1813.
"Know by these presents that I, Henry Walrath of the town of Sulivan in the County of Madison and State of New York, farmer, am held and firmly bound unto Giles Kellogg in the sum of five hundred dollars, good and lawful money of the United States, to be paid unto the said Giles Kellogg .........................
Whereas the above named Henry I. Walrath hath on this day of the date of these presents entered as a substitute voluntarily into the services of the United States in the place room and stead of Abraham Shafer ................................................ shall do in every situation, execute and discharge all rules, orders, commands and services to which the said Abraham Shafer might or would be liable to do "
Examination of the illustration shows the obligation of one David Baroon (Brown) of the Town of Cobleskill who entered as a voluntary substitute for Joseph F. Betts.
Peter Shafer Jr. and Adam Vrooman were paid $76 for transporting the men and baggage from Cobleskill to Little Falls and Ogdensburg, Peter Bouck, Peter Lampman, John Collins, Richard Davenport, John Franklin, Adam S. Shafer, David Lawyer and Lambert Lawyer were paid $20 for transporting men and baggage from Little Falls to Ogdensburg.
Nothing of importance happened from the arrival at Ogdensburg until February 22, 1813 engagement, except the death, of two men. Inventories of the personal effects show those two men to have been Pvt. Henry Letcher who died Sunday, January 24th, 1813 at 9 P. M. and Cpl. James Brown who died Wednesday, February 10, 1813 at 10 P. M. The list of belongings of Pvt. Letcher was a formidable one in light of the difficulties of transportation ______ 4 coats, 4 vests, Sword Belt, 1 pr. boots, 1 pair shoes, 1 flannel shirt, 4 pr. short stockings, 3 prs. pantaloons (one broadcloth, one velvet), 2 hats with cockade and feather, 1 Jack Knife, 1 pocket comb, 1 pocket book and $4.00 in cash, mittens, and cotton handkerchief.
Among the effects of Cpl. Brown which were similar to Pvt. Letcher were mentioned gaiters, gaiters, sash and Sword. Cpl. Brown's cash on hand however, amounted to $1.00.
The Company during this period is said to have experienced its quota of desertions which is evidenced by a receipt from one Isiah Hulbert for "the services of myself and two horse sleigh in pursuit of John Hiney and Frederick Lucantary Jr., deserters from Capt. Giles Kellogg's Company ..................... the service from Ogdensburgh. N. York to Vromans Inn, thirty-one miles and back to Ogdensburg, six dollars."
On February 22, 1813, a force of regulars, militia and Indians attacked Ogdensburg. Captain Forsyth was in command of an inferior number of men and after one and one half hours of action, the town was taken with its stores, barracks and shipping destroyed. The Americans lost only 20 men with the retreat of Captain Forsythe. Among the wounded in this engagement was a young man, Private William Youngs of the town of Carlisle. William Youngs was twenty years of age at the time of his enlistment on Decernber 26th, 1812. The lad was stationed in Ogdensburg when that place was attacked by the enemy from Prescott. At his station during the engagement he "did perform his duty as a good and courageous soldier" until he was wounded by a musket ball in the bone of his left thigh. He was given first aid by his comrades and finally on March 3, 1813, a Dr. J. W. Smith was summoned "for chirugical attendance". There is an itemized bill for daily visits and dressings at 50 cents per visit from March 3rd to March 7th. Evidently the wound became gangrenous for according to the bill rendered March 8th, 1813, the thigh was amputated. There were subsequent bills until March 26th for visits, dressings and medications among which were listed 1/2 quart of wine at $1.12. The total fee for the doctor's services amounted to $29.49.
Finally after being transferred to Sackett's Harbor, the Company felt that the lad was fully enough disabled to grant William Youngs a leave of absence for "the remainder part of the term of service" on July 11, 1813. He returned to his home in Carlisle, removed to Cobleskill and his last record comes from Cobleskill when he applied for a pension on April 29th, 1815.
Shortly after this engagement, February 23, 1813, the enemy stationed at Prescott across the river, made an attack. During the engagement the company was defeated with a loss of everything but clothing and the arms with which they fought. Of our men, one drummer was killed, one fifer and one private were taken prisoner, one private was killed and two were wounded. The company drummer who lost his life was young Arnold Pratt of Cobleskill. According to the inventory of his effects of March 22, 1813, he was "stationed at Ogdensburg, New York, ...................... who was killed in the action at Ogdensburg the 22d of February 1813 by a musket ball through the head" ------ Among his effects are listed, 1 string Gold Beads, 1 pair Old Portmanteaux, 1 Watch.
From an old account of Elijah Harlow, it appears that Ebenezer White, 1st Gunner of Sharon was one of the men killed or fatally wounded. The above Mr. Harlow of Watertown rendered a bill to Captain Kellogg for $3.50 for making a coffin and digging a grave for Ebenezer White.
In a letter to Governor Tompkins. March 20, 1813, Captain Kellogg states, "The Company are sadly in need of clothing and money," and that "the amount due for clothing is $916.75." Again on May 3rd, Capt. Kellogg wrote, "My Company has not as yet received any pay. This destitute situation renders them in a very disagreeable situation, as it respects necessary clothing necessities for life which has quite reduced their spirits."
This communication evidently was answered for on May 10th, Governor Tompkins wrote, "Captain Kellogg's Company are entitled to pay at $8 per month since the 26th of February last; to $2 per month from 1st of January last; to 26th of February and the balance of allowance for clothing and above $16."
From a letter to the Secretary of War, it is stated that in the spring Kellogg's Artillery was released from the command of Captain Forsythe at Ogdensburg and were "attached to Col. Mills Regiment of Albany Volunteers." After the rout from Ogdensburg, the company provided themselves with clothing, and remained in service on Horse Island. On the 29th of May, 1813, that station was attacked by the enemy. They continued fighting under the command of Col. Mills, until a retreat was ordered to the mainland and there again they were subjected to great loss and were not able to save any of their clothing.
The property list of Clothing and personal property lost at "Horse Island" amounted to $428.82 1/2.
The next record of action of the Schoharie County Unit occurred at Sackett's Harbor on May 29, 1813 when it was attacked by General Prevost and 1000 men, 2 ships, 4 schooners and 30 open boats. The British, were defeated in this attempt suffering 150 casualties. The American loss from the engagement were 21 killed and 91 wounded. Significant in this attack was the heroic action of Jacob Brown who was elevated to the rank of Brigadier General. During the ensuing summer of 1813, a few of the members of Kellogg's Company secured substitutes, as was permissible. Both the principal and the substitute gave the prescribed bonds for the security of the service. Once the substitute was guaranteed, the released man returned to Schoharie County. It was at this time that Abraham Shafer of Jefferson obtained Henry I, Walrath, mentioned earlier in this article, to fill out the remainder of his enlistment.
For the balance of the service, the Company was attached consecutively to the forces of Colonel Pike and General Wilkinson. Records of engagements show the company a part of the 2000 men at another engagement at Sackett's Harbor on September 5th. On September 30th, 1813, at the inspection at Sackett's Harbor the Company accounted for 30 men present under arms, 5 sick, 8 absent and 4 deserted. Each man who was present under arms was issued a feather and cockade for his hat.
On October 26th under the command of General Wilkinson, Artillery embarked at Sackett's Harbor. Of this armada, a storm wrecked 15 large boats with a heavy loss of supplies and clothing. General Brown was stationed at French Creek (Clayton) and ordered his detachments to proceed down the St. Lawrence. He was attacked by land and water. After two days fighting, the British were repulsed and the passage was kept open with the American Army concentrated at Morristown.
Because of misunderstanding or of poor judgment, Hampton committed a tactical blunder that caused him to fall back. He refused to cooperate with General Wilkinson and went back to Lake Champlain. Meanwhile at Chrysler's Farm, General Wilkinson came upon a force of British and a sharp battle ensued. This engagement cost the Americans 300 men killed and wounded.
The next record of this little Company from Schoharie County shows them evidently going into winter quarters at Camp French Mills about November 29, 1813. There are records of long itemized account charges including oyster suppers, numerous items of gin, brandy, cider and rum. One assumes that they were celebrating their coming discharge from the service. Later in 1814 at Plattsburg under General Macomb, units of New York State Militia, Vermont Militia and regulars were stationed. On September 11th the British attacked but were repulsed. By this time Captain Kellogg had applied for regular army service, for we find a character recommendation by Benjamin Forsythe, now Major Forsythe, who recommends Capt. Kellogg as "a gentleman of correct habits, friendly to his country and government ................... warrants me in saying as much or more than I have said here in his favor."
Early on the morning of February 11, 1815, the British sloop of war, "Favorite" brought official notice of the Treaty of Peace at Ghent.
Subsequent to any struggle is the question of veterans, widows, children and orphans. We find that the same concern was expressed in Captain Kellogg's Company. In a letter dated 24th of September, 1817, Captain Kellogg is again requesting the Secretary of War concerning veterans of his company who were "frequently calling on me to know in what manner they are to satisfy the Government as to their being entitled to their overages of pay ............. and information would be greatfully acknowledged by those that have served their country faithfully, and are in want of that which is justly due them." It is interesting to note just what was necessary in this post-war period for widows and minor children of deceased soldiers who died in service to do in order to furnish the required proof to substantiate their claims ---- viz:
Following a unit like Kellogg's Artillery, a small one at that, of seventy-odd men through the tangle of a war which is one of the most inaccurately reported and recorded in modern times, resulted in more of an assignment than the writer had anticipated at the outset. What is significant and what compelled the writer to complete as far as possible this report is the fact that one hundred and forty years ago, Schoharie County men did enter this contest for the survival of the spirit of freedom. Also significant is the fact that a century and a half later, great great grandsons of these old foemen stand side by side as brothers in arms to keep the same spirit of freedom from being obliterated. So it is to-day that in Korea, Saipan and Okinawa the grass waves above the graves of the sons of the men who fought at Chateau-Thierry. Their fathers, perhaps fought at Lundy's Lane or Bull Run, as did their fathers through the years for the preservation of an idea. It is good to know that in the story of Schoharie people, Schoharie County sons have always been ready and present in the series of struggles for the survival of freedom.
Rosters, muster-out rolls and military records of the men who served are scattered and inaccurate. From Warner's "Military Records of Schoharie County Veterans of Four Wars" and from various Company records, the writer submits the following roll call from Schoharie County:
* Also listed in Company Records January 1813, May 1813.
** From Council of Appointments, General Index.
Burhans, Peter *, 4th Sgt.; Youngs, William * 4th Gunner; Burhans, Zachariah *, Pvt.; Chase, Charles *, Pvt.; Peek, Eli (Peck), Pvt.; Whit-more, Asa*; Lakham, John; Wright, Walter.
Kellogg, Giles**, Captain; Thorpe, Curtis", 2 Lt.; Bouck, Abraham, 1st Sgt.; Lawyer, Jacob*, 3d Gunner; Moot, Coon, Matross; Lane Apollos *, Matross; Thorp, Aaron Jr., 3d Bombardier; Haling, John Jr *, 4th Bombardier; Day, Chauncey *, Drummer; Bouck, Abraham Jr. *, Drummer; Campbell, John*, FIfer; Pratt, Arnold*, Fifer (Drummer); Butterworth, Welcome *, Fifer; Ackley. John B*, Pvt.; Becker, John J. Jr.*, Pvt.; Brewer, Peter*, Pvt.; Carter, Elijah*, Pvt.; Dox, George*, Pvt.; Fratts, David Jr.*, Pvt.; Kibbey, Eli *, Pvt.; Kromer, Abraham *, Pvt.; Letcher, Henry*, Pvt.; Mickle, John Jr. *, Pvt.; Lucantry, Frederick Jr. *, Pvt.
Perry, Oliver *; Treadway, Enoch Jr., Pvt.; Wilcox, Nathan, Pvt.; Wetherly, Juad (Jared), Pvt.; Shafer, Abraham*; Townsend,' Eber;, Mc Davit, John; Loring, Carpus; Yager, Jeremiah *.
Wolverton, Freeman, Pvt.
Ingham, John**, 1st Lt.; Cowdry, Resolved L. *, 2nd Sgt.; Reed, Gideon, 3rd Sgt.; White, Ebenezer*, 1st Gunner; Skinner, Melzar, 2nd Gunner; Caryl, John *, 1st Bombardier; Sloan, Bennett *, 2nd Bombardier; Rector, Adam *, 5th Bombardier; Smith, John*, 6th" Bombardier; Ward, Joshua *, 2nd Corporal; TenEyck, Barent C, 4th Corporal; Harper, John *, Corporal; Eldredge, Ezra Jr.*, Corporal; Lampman, Jacob *, Fifer; Acker, George (Aceor) *, Pvt.; Brown, James, Pvt.; Foster, Samuel *, Pvt.; Hiney. George*, Pvt.; Hiney, John", Pvt.; Moak, "Jacob I.; "Dia" or Day, Edmund.
Miscellaneous Not Located.
Elmendorf, William***; Wiltovil, Jared*; Brown, David (Baroon) *; Onry, Anthony *.
Matross --- A soldier in a train of artillery. He assisted the gunners in loading, firing and sponging the guns.
Note: It should be borne in mind that the present towns of Summit and Richmondville were a part of Cobleskill, and that the town of Seward was formed several years after the war of 1812.
Volunteers of 1812 - (As this article was written in the 1880's it should be noted as such and read with an 1880's mindset.)
By William E. Roscoe
SONS OF CARLISLE, SHARON AND COBLESKILL WHO ENLISTED
Carlisle's Historian, Wm. E. Roscoe, Publishes Valuable and Interesting Record.
In recalling men, scenes and incidents connected with the town in former articles we have reached closely to the years of the Civil war and referring to those who were individually connected with that great event, as is the purpose of the writer, and already brought forward the names of those of Revolutionary fame, he feels as if it will be doing injustice to those patriots who stood forth voluntarily in 1812 and 1814 to defend the rights of the government against the mighty power from which our liberies and independence was wrung by the fathers, not to notice them.
That war is somewhat overlooked at the present time, as being equal in importance to the Revolution and Civil War. Upon reflection it must seem it was the most momentous event of our history as a nation.
From the close of the Revolution, Great Britian put forth every means and effort to strengthen herself to meet the contest, to regain the loss. The loss of the Colonics was a sore disappointment. It wilted her pride as the leading nation and cut off an anticipated revenue that would enable her to hold her prestige as a World Power, on both land and sea. The events leading up to the War of 1812 plainly show the encroachments upon the rights of the states, accorded by the treaty of 1783 was for the sole purpose of purpose of aggravating them to a declaration of war, not suspecting the country had made sufficient progress in the short space of twenty odd years, to again cope with her, and induce her subjects to go through another campaign, in so short a time and be successful. The British encroachments began as early as 1808, but were not declared until 1812, from the fact the government was not in readiness, yet the people were clamerous and began to abuse the President for being tardy in declaring war. Madison was an unflinching patriot, yet a careful official, and did all he could to avert the struggle as he saw the great results eminating from a defeat. By thus being "slow to anger," Great Britian became more bold, dangerous and defiant, than she would have been, perhaps, if the President had been more hasty. Suppose Great Britian had been victorious in that war, would momentary indemnity satisfied her "expansion" genius or would her flag float over our harbors, forts and government buildings, and America once more become a dependent colony? Quite likely the latter, and the struggles of the fathers been in vain!
The American genius undoubtedly would arise in wrath, again revolutionize, and might possibly in time, regain their freedom, but it would be at the cost of fields of blood, as the grappling irons Britian would place upon them would have been as harsh and unmerciful as those of the Spanish Inquisition. But, by the valor of the dear Sons of '76, Britians proud fleet and haughty soldiery, trailed their banners and arms once more, in humble defeat. Thus the war of 1812 was the savior of our liberties and independence and rights as a nation. Considering the youthfulness of our government, the destitution of the land, through the eight years war of the revolution, the war of 1812 was a gallant struggle, and will be accorded the honor and importance it justly deserves, in the future, as well as the brave patriots who bared their breasts to the conflict.
Each encroachment of the British but fired the American heart more and more and as early as 1809 several military companies of the states volunteered their services to the government, expecting a war was inevitable.
As before stated, the state was divided into military districts and each company drilled in the "manual of arms," twice each year. The western towns of the county, comprising Cobleskill, Sharon (each then containing their original area nearly) and Carlisle formed an artillery company and was commanded by Giles Kellog, then a merchant of Warnerville. His company volunteered and offered their services to the state in 1809, but was not accepted. On the first day of June 1812 at Beekman's Corners, the company met "to train" and upon that day they formed "an association to defend their country," in short volunteered their services to the general government, and upon that day Capt. Kellog indited a letter to Madison, the President, tendering their services. When the writer compiled the history of the county, the papers relating to that event, were not to be found.
The state military officials at Albany declared they were in Washington, in the War Department, and upon requesting the privilege of copying them, the high dignitaries refused, and supposing duplicates were in existence, the writer at considerable cost, advertised for them, but as years rolled on, the Kellog papers came to light, and were all safely kept within three miles of the writers home. It is hopeful the duplicates of Capt Efners company of the Eastern and Southern towns may yet come to light. The Kellog papers are being arranged by a competent and carefull person Of our county and will be published in book form at a later date.
The writer has the roll call of June 1st, 1812 and here copies the same, Which must be of interest to the reader:
Giles Kellogg, Cobleskill, Merchant, Captain.
William Elmendorf. Cobleskill. Farmer, 1st Lieutenant.
John Ingham, Sharon, Clothier, 2d Lieutenant.
Curtis Thorp, Cobleskill, Merchant, 1st Sargeant.
Abraham Bouck, Cobleskill, Farmer, 2d Sargeant.
Resolved L. Condry, Sharon, Blacksmith, 3rd Sargeant.
Gideon C. Reed.Sharon, Wheelwright, 4th Sargeant.
Ebenezer White, Sharon, Farmer, 1st. Gunner.
Malzar Skinner, Sharon, Farmer, 2d Gunner.
Jacob L. Lawyer, Cobleskill, Farmer, 3rd Gunner.
John Frasier Jr. Cobleskill, Farmer, 4th Gunner.
Conrad Moot, Cobleskill. Farmer, 5th Gunner.
Apollas Lane, Cobleskill, Farmer, 6th Gunner.
John Caryl, Shoron, Farmer, 1st Bombarder.
Bennett Sloan, Sharon, Farmer, 2d Bombarder.
Aaron Thorp Jr., Cobleskill,Farmer. 3rd Bombarder.
John Haling Jr., Cobleskill, Farmer, 4th Bombarder.
Adam Rector, Sharon, Farmer, 5th Bombarder.
John Smith, Sharon, Farmer,6th Bombarder.
Peter Burhans, Carlisle, Farmer, 1st Corporal.
Joshua Ward. Sharon, Farmer, 2d Corporal.
David D. Lawyer, Cobleskill. Farmer, 3rd Corporal.
Barent C. TenEyck, Sharon, Farmer, 4th Coporal.
Chauncey Day, Cobleskill, Farmer, Drummer.
Abraham Bouck Jr.,Cobleskill, Farmer, Drummer.
Jacob Lampman. Sharon, Farmer, Fifer.
John Campbell, Cobleskill, Shoemaker, Fifer.
Enoch Treadway, Cobleskill, Carpenter, Matross.
Walter Wright, Carlisle, Farmer, Matross.
Elijah Carter, Cobleskill, Shoemaker, Matross.
Henry Letcher, Cobleskill. Farmer, Matross.
George Dox, Cobleskill, Farmer. Matross.
Edmond Die, Sharon, Farmer. Matross.
Jeremiah Yager, Cobleskill. Farmer, Matross.
Joseph P. Betts, Sharon, Hatter, Matross.
Abraham Kromer, Cobleskill, Tailor, Matross.
Abraham Shafer, Cobleskill, Farmer, Matross.
Zacheriah Burhans, Carlisle, Farmer, Matross.
Nathan Wilcox, Cobleskill, Farmer, Matross.
John Mickle Jr., Cobleskill, Farmer, Matross.
Eben Townsend, Cobleskill, Farmer, Matross.
Arnold Pratt, Cobleskill, Shoemaker, Matross,
John Hyney, Sharon, Parmer, Matross.
Ezra Eldredge Jr., Sharon, Farmer, Matross.
Jacob I. Moak, Sharon, Farmer, Matross.
John Larkham, Carlisle, Farmer, Matross.
Peter Brewer, Cobleskill, Farmer, Matross.
George Hyney, Sharon, Farmer, Matross.
Ferman Wolventon, Middleburg, Farmer, Matross.
Frederick Lucantry Jr., Cobleskill, Farmer, Matross.
John Becker, Cobleskill, Farmer, Matross.
George Aker, Sharon, Farmer, Matross.
John McDavett. Cobleskill, Cabinetmaker, Matross.
John B. Achley, Cobleskill, Farmer, Matross.
Asa Whitmore, Carlisle, Farmer, Matross.
Samuel Foster, Sharon, Farmer, Matross.
Jas. Brown, Sharon, Farmer, Matross.
John Harper, Sharon, Farmer, Matross.
Truman Thrall, Cobleskill, Merchant, Matross.
Jared Wetberby, Cobleskill, Farmer, Matross.
Eli Kibbey. Cobleesklll, Farmer, Matross.
Carpus Toring, Cobleskill, Blacksmith, Matross.
Chas. Chase, Carlisle, Farmer, Matross.
Welcome Butterworth, Farmer. Cobleskill, Matross.
James Cross, Sharon, Farmer, Matross.
Anthony Olney, Sharon, Farmer, Mattross.
We the subscribers do hereby associate and offer ourselves to the President for the service of the United States under and pursuant to the act of Congress, entitled an act authorizing the President of the United States to accept and organize certain Volunteer Military corps, passed February 6th, 1812, and do bind ourselves to abide by and perform all and singular, the directions and provisions of the said act. In testimony whereof we have hereunto subscribed our names the 1st day of June 1812:
The company was ordered to assemble at the "Gun House," at Lawyersville, on the 28th of December following in readiness to march to the Northern frontier. After the roll call Truman Thrall, Joseph Betts and J. Frasier, furnished substitutes, in the persons of Olover Perry, of Sharon; David Baroon of (unknown); and William Young Jr. of Carlisle. Leaving the general details to be published hereafter, we will only say the company marched to Little Falls, Lowville and Ogdensburg and at the latter place on the 22d of February 1813, the British crossed the river and made an attack upon the Fort while the soldiers were asleep. But two companies were to oppose a large force, yet they fought well for a short time, but were forced to flee or be taken prisoners.
While repelling the invaders William Young was shot in the thigh. The bone was shattered badly and the limb amputated. The Schoharie company lost nearly all they had. The bills were made out as follows and presented to their government for pay:
Inventory of property lost in action at Ogdensburg, February 22d, 1813:
Uniform coat, $17; uniform hat, eagle and plume, $5.50; great coat,$6; 2 pair stockings, $2; shirt, $1; white vest $3.50; knapsack, $1; sword and belt, $5.50; total of public property. $41.50 musket, cartrigebox, bayonet, belt and canteen. Wm. Young
Zacheriah Burhans Loss: Military hat and pume, $5.75; pair pantaloons, $3; jacket, $2 ; 2 shirts, $4; 2 pair stockings $2; 2 pair shoes, $2.75; 8 lbs. tobacco, $2; blanket, $3; total, $24.50.
John Hyney's lost: Coverlid, $5; pair pantaloons, $5; 2 linen shirts, $3; pair socks, $1; pair shoes, $1.50; belt, $1; handkerchief, 50c; razor, 50c; pair leather mittens, 50c; vest, 75c; military hat, $5.25; plume, 50c; pair gaiters, $2; 1/2 yard cloth, 87c; blanket, $3.; total $30.37.
The company retreated about six miles from the front and remained until they were furnished with clothing, when they were taken to Sacketts Harbor where they did signal service to the close of the war. Several died with the epidemic.
William Young was honorably discharged in May 1813 and returned to his home.
In July 1813 John Jost Becker, of Carlisle, joined the company at Horse Island and remained to the close of the war. Arnold Pratt of Cobleskill was killed in the engagement. James Brown and Ebenezer White of Sharon died with the epidemic, the former in the garrison at Ogdensburg and the latter at Watertown.
Schoharie County Veterans of the War in 1812 - (Originally published in Schoharie County Veterans)
Cobleskill - Merchant; married; aged 28; served through his term of enlistment; was recommended for appointment in the U.S. Army, by Major Benjamin Forsyth,under date, "Camp French Mills, November 17, 1813;" died October 29, aged 50. Children surviving, Giles L., Louisa C. Riley, Harriett Borst. Grandchildren, Martin, Andrew and Charles Kellogg, Albert A. and Alden K. Riley, William, Clinton, Schuyler, Marcus and Charles Borst, Giles and Merrill Mann, Christina Dietz, Mary Lendrum, Ella Maynard, Sarah Layer, Christina Young, Anna Simmons, Mary Passage, Elda C. Quackenbush, Christina.
Cobleskill - Farmer; volunteered with the company; resigned April 15, 1813; died February 22, 1869, aged 96. Children surviving, Caroline Randall, Mary Palmer, Sarah Mansfield, Jane Sons. Grandsons, Lewis and William Randall, Albert and George Sons; all served in the war for the "Union.
Sharon - Clothier; enlisted as second lieutenant with his company ; promoted to first lieutenant, to succeed Elmendorf.
Cobleskill - Merchant; enlisted as first sergeant; promoted to lieutenant, April 15, 1813; removed from the county after leaving the service.
Cobleskill - Farmer; enlisted as second sergeant; promoted to succeed Thorpe ; died May 23, 1846, aged 76.
Sharon - Blacksmith ; enlisted as third sergeant; promoted to succeed Bouck.
Sharon - Wheelwright; enlisted as fourth sergeant; is found on pay-roll of June 22, 1813, as a matross or private.
Carlisle - Farmer; enlisted as first corporal; promoted to fourth sergeant. Children, John, George B., Joseph C, Margaret Young, Catharine Sprong.
Sharon - Farmer; died at Watertown, May 10, 1813.
Sharon - Farmer; enlisted with the company; sick at home in summer of 1813 — certified to by Squire Miller, and furlough extended July 17,1813.
Cobleskill - Farmer; enlisted with his company and served full term ; died July 30, 1850, aged 55 years, 10 months. Children, Jacob, Nancy France, Anna E. Becker, Rebecca Hager.
Carlisle - Farmer; age 24; went out with the company as a substitute for John Frazier; wounded by gunshot in left thigh at Ogdensburg, February 22, 1S13 ; underwent amputation, and with John Pierce was provided with special transportation to Sackett's Harbor at a cost of §25 ; died of dropsy of the heart, December 1, i860, aged 72. Children, Demosthenes, Andrew, Lana Wins.
Schoharie County Goes to War, 1812 - (Originally published in Stone Fort History Booklet Oct. 2006)
The War of 1812 is as much forgotten in Schoharie County history, as it is United States history. Just like every war the United States has fought, Schoharians were there to defend the country and their homes. The following are orders to call up part of Capt Giles Kellogg's Company of Volunteer Artillery in December 1812 and a complete muster roll of the company, which paraded on the of July earlier that year. The company would soon see service at the Battle of Ogdensburg February 22, 1813. Overrun by a vastly superior force of British regulars, several of Kellogg's men were killed and wounded in the American defeat.
Capt. Giles Kellogg to Sgt. Coudry - Cobleskill Dec. 20th 1812
Sergeant Resolved L. Coudry You are hereby required to warn the persons whose names are hereunto annexed to appear on parade at the Gun House in Cobleskill on Saturday the 26th of December Instant at 9 O'Clock in the morning with side arms - Agreeable to General Orders Dated Head Quarters Albany 19th December 1812
Capt. Giles Kellogg's Company of Artillery in the County of Schoharie is required in the service for the further protection of our fellow citizens on the Northwestern frontier-they will rendezvous and be mustered on the aforesaid Saturday and will be supplied with Blankets and Canteens the whole will receive two months pay in advance and the Non Commissioned Officers Musicians and privates will receive in addition thereto an advance of sixteen Dollars on account for allowances for clothing the whole allowance to which they will be entitled on account of clothing including the said sixteen Dollars will be as follows -
Corporal and privates $34.41
The Company will march on Monday the 29* of December Instant at 9 O'clock in the morning when the means of transportation will be prepared for them. You will make Your returns according to law.
Giles Kellogg Capt.
Schoharie County Goes to War, 1812
Capt Giles Kellogg's Company of Artillery
Company Parade 4th July 1812
Giles Kellogg Capt.
William Elmandorf 1st Lieut.
John Ingham 2nd Lieut
Resolved L. Coudry
Gideon C. Reed
Ebenezer White - unwell
Melzar Skinner - unwell
Jacob L. Lawyer
John Frazier Jr. - furnished sub. William Young
Aaron Thorp Junr
John Haling Jr
David D. Lawyer
Barent C. Ten Eyeck
Abraham Bouck Jr
Joseph P. Betts - furnished sub. Oliver Perry
John Mickle Junr
Drummer Arnold Pratt - not warn'd
Ezra Eldridge Junr
Peter Brewer - has no uniform & will move away soon though he voted for them
Frederick Lucantary Junr
Jacob J. Moak - doubtfull
John Larkham - discharged
John B. Ackley
Asa Whitmore - unwell
Truman Thrall - furnished sub. David Brown
David Fratts Jr
James Crop of Sharon - Enlisted 4th July 1812